Blog #148: More New Logic for Permanent vs. Term (Part 3 of 3)

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In Blog #146 and Blog #147, we examined several “Compared to What?” term vs. permanent illustrations for Tom Robinson, age 35, involving $601,839 of Indexed Universal Life (IUL).  The policy was illustrated at 7.00% with scheduled premiums of $20,000 a year through age 65 with significant cash developing thereafter.  It was compared to $600,000 of 30-year level term costing $525 with the difference in premiums invested in either an indexed annuity or an equity account.

“Men often oppose a thing, merely because they have had no agency in planning it, or because it may have been planned by those whom they dislike.  But if they have been consulted, and have happened to disapprove, opposition then becomes, in their estimation, an indispensable duty of self-love.” – Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 70

If you missed reading these two Blogs, I strongly recommend you and/or your staff review each one if competition with term insurance is something you or your associates face with clients and/or their advisers.

This Blog takes a different tack in that I included the “term vs. perm” comparison within an overall retirement analysis using our Wealthy and Wise® System (although the logic should work with most comprehensive retirement plans).

Case Study

Tom Robinson and his wife, Jodie (also age 35), are both CPAs employed by the same large accounting firm.  They have a good start toward their retirement with significant values in their 401(k)s earning 7.00%. They both plan to contribute the maximum amount of $18,000 (the 2017 maximum), and their employer matches 20%.  They have agreed we should take inflation into account when calculating future contributions, and we did so assuming 3.00% inflation.

See Blog #98 for a discussion of including monitoring fees in a retirement analysis.

Note: While 3.00% is an artificial number for the future, whatever actual inflation occurs should be reflected in your annual reviews as their plan is brought up to date.
Recommendation: Charge the Robinsons a monitoring fee for their annual review.

Tom and Jodie also plan to include the IUL noted above with its $20,000 annual premium to age 65 in the overall analysis.  In the alternative term analysis, this same $20,000 will be invested in an equity account with a growth assumption of 7.00% plus a 2.00% dividend.  I assumed the annual $20,000 is new money contributed toward their retirement.

Tom and Jodie’s current combined after tax income is $250,000 and their goal is to provide this after tax amount at retirement plus the 3.00% inflation adjustment while maintaining a reasonable level of net worth.

It is important whether the inflation goal for retirement cash flow is calculated in today’s dollars or beginning with their retirement goal of $250,000.  If today’s dollars is the benchmark for the 3.00% inflation, by the time they retire in 30 years, their first year’s after tax cash flow requirement will be $606,816 increasing yearly thereafter by 3.00%.  While they may want to work toward this goal in future years, for this analysis, we based the beginning of the inflation assumption on the $250,000 starting at age 65.  Otherwise, they would need a massive commitment of personal income to their retirement plan.  They already have committed a significant amount: a deductible $36,000 a year to their two 401(k)s and $20,000 to either the IUL or the term plus equities package.

I also kept the asset base limited to their defined contribution 401(k)s and an equity account in order to make this evaluation a little less complex for you.

Below is a summary of the results of the comparative analysis:

Summary of the Retirement Analysis
Tom and Jodie Robinson (both currently age 35)

blog 148 image 1 summary of the retirement analysis tom and jodie robinson

*Joint life expectancy plus five years.
(Joint life expectancy is the point at which at least one of the clients is alive.)

Click here for a discussion of joint life expectancy by Mike Kitces.

Click here for comments on Yield, Sequence of Returns, and Monte Carlo Simulations.

As do so many people their age, Tom and Jodie have no expectancy of ever collecting retirement benefits from Social Security, so we have ignored any entries for that category.  We have also kept the data to a minimum to make this an easier analysis to evaluate.

Below is graphical comparison of the Robinsons’ Net Worth:

Retirement Planning
Strategy 1: Term Insurance and an Equity Account
vs.
Strategy 2: Indexed Universal Life
Image 1 (Net Worth and Cash Flow Comparison)

blog 148 image 2 retirement planning term insurance and an equity account indexed universal life net worth comparison

Both Strategies produce the same desired spendable cash flow, but buying the term is a $10 million dollar (and growing) long-range mistake.  The additional net worth produced by Strategy 2 means that Tom and Jodie could realize millions more in after tax retirement cash flow by utilizing IUL.  Note that Strategy 1, the term/equity combination, is in a death spiral.

Retirement Planning
Strategy 1: Term Insurance and an Equity Account
vs.
Strategy 2: Indexed Universal Life
Image 2 (Wealth to Heirs and Cash Flow Comparison)

blog 148 image 3 retirement planning term insurance and an equity account indexed universal life wealth to heirs comparison

Heirs are better off long-range with Strategy 2 by over $9 million.

Click here to review a selection of reports from this Wealthy and Wise evaluation.  There are 4 Comparison reports, 14 reports involving the term and an equity account, and another 14 dealing with the winning permanent solution.  With any Wealthy and Wise presentation, I recommend that you have all the reports for a given analysis with you when you are visiting with a client or client’s attorney or CPA.  The system backs up every number shown, and you never know which report you’ll need to have handy to answer the inevitable question, “Where did this number come from?”  That’s why I provided all of them to you in this Blog.

Most Wealthy and Wise users select a few key illustrations for the main report and put the balance in supplemental sections or an Appendix.  More elaborate report organization can be accomplished (Table of Contents and Section pages) through use of the following prompt -- which I used for this Blog -- located on the bottom right of the Main Workbook Window:

blog 148 image 4 preview or print client presentation

Conclusion

Buy term and invest the difference?  Phooey!  In view of the “perm vs. term” evaluations in Blog #146, Blog #147, and Blog #148, you should be well-armed to eliminate the “buy term and invest the difference” argument whenever it surfaces.

“I can only wonder if another asset with the same qualities would be implemented more frequently if it wasn’t called life insurance.”1

1From an article by Bill Boersma in the December 2014 issue of Trusts & Estates entitled “Life Insurance as an Asset Class”.

 

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Important Note #1:  The hypothetical life insurance illustration associated with this Blog assumes the nonguaranteed values shown continue in all years. This is not likely, and actual results may be more or less favorable.  Actual illustrations are not valid unless accompanied by a basic illustration from the issuing life insurance company.

Important Note #2:  Many of you are rightly concerned about the potential tax bomb in life insurance that can accidentally be triggered by a careless policyowner.  Click here to read Blog #51: Avoiding the Tax Bomb in Life Insurance.

Important Note #3:  The information in this Blog is for educational purposes only.  In all cases, the approval of a client’s legal and tax advisers must be secured regarding the implementation or modification of any planning technique as well as the applicability and consequences of new cases, rulings, or legislation upon existing or impending plans.

“InsMark” and “Wealthy and Wise” are registered trademarks of InsMark, Inc.

 

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Blog #147: New Logic for Permanent vs. Term (Part 2 of 3)

Blog #146: New Logic for Permanent vs. Term (Part 1 of 3)

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Blog #144: Don’t Burn the Nest Egg®

Blog #143: Premium Financing Opportunities In The Small Case Market

 

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